Weight Loss Information logo

Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery Information
Malabsorptive Operations Like Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass & Duodenal Switch Surgery to Reduce Obesity
Weight Loss Information


Stomach Bypass Procedures to Reduce Severe Clinical Obesity

Weight Loss Surgery 3.

Weight Loss Surgery Candidates
Normal Digestive Process - Bypass Raises Life Expectancy - Gastric Bypass
Bariatric Surgery: Benefits - Surgery: Risks - Origins - Abdominoplasty to Remove Loose Skin
Adjustable Gastric Banding - Lap Band - Lap Band System - Jaw Wiring for Super-Obese
Duodenal Switch - Biliopancreatic Diversion Stomach Bypass - Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty - Malabsorptive Surgery - Restrictive Surgery - Questions
Obesity and Bariatric Surgery - Risks of Bariatric Surgery - Stomach Reduction Surgery
Weight Reduction Surgery - Bypass & Nutrional Deficiency - Surgery & Health Risks
Is Surgery Safe? - Success - Is Surgery More Effective Than Dieting - Surgery & Mortality

Malabsorptive Surgical Operations

Malabsorptive operations are the most common gastrointestinal surgeries for weight loss. They restrict both food intake and the amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RGB)

This operation, illustrated in figure 4, is the most common and successful malabsorptive surgery.

Figure 4. Weight Loss Surgery - Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB)

First, a small stomach pouch is created to restrict food intake. Next, a Y-shaped section of the small intestine is attached to the pouch to allow food to bypass the lower stomach, the duodenum (the first segment of the small intestine), and the first portion of the jejunum (the second segment of the small intestine). This bypass reduces the amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs.

Weight Loss Surgery - Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RGB)
Advantages & Disadvantages

Advantages

  • Greatly controls food intake
  • Reversible in an emergency - though this procedure should be thought of as permanent

Disadvantages

  • Staple line failure
  • Ulcers
  • Narrowing/blockage of the stoma
  • Vomiting if food is not properly chewed or if food is eaten to quickly

Biliopancreatic Diversion Scopinaro procedure (BPD)

In this more complicated malabsorptive operation, portions of the stomach are removed (see figure 5).

Figure 5. Weight Loss Surgery - Biliopancreatic Diversion (BPD)

The small pouch that remains is connected directly to the final segment of the small intestine, completely bypassing the duodenum and the jejunum. Although this procedure successfully promotes weight loss, it is less frequently used than other types of surgery because of the high risk for nutritional deficiencies.

This procedure is less food restrictive than the RNY. The stomach capacity is 4-5 ounces compared with RNY of around an ounce. There is a significant malabsorptive component which acts to maintain weight loss long term. The patient must be closely monitored to guard against severe nutritional deficiencies.

Weight Loss Surgery - Biliopancreatic Diversion (BPD)
Advantages & Disadvantages

Advantages

  • Significant malabsorptive component
  • Better chance of sustained weight loss
  • Ability to eat larger quantities of food and still lose weight

Disadvantages

  • Greater chance of chronic diarrhea, stomal ulcers, more foul smelling stools and flatus
  • Higher risk of nutritional deficiencies
  • Higher chance of micronutrient deficiencies such as vitamins and calcium

Duodenal Switch (BPD/DS)

A variation of BPD includes a “duodenal switch” (see figure 6), which leaves a larger portion of the stomach intact, including the pyloric valve that regulates the release of stomach contents into the small intestine. It also keeps a small part of the duodenum in the digestive pathway.

Figure 6. Weight Loss Surgery - Duodenal Switch

This weight loss surgical procedure is an improvement of the BPD. Here again, there is a significant malabsorptive component which acts to maintain weight loss long term. The patient must be closely monitored to guard against severe nutritional deficiencies. This procedure, unlike the BPD, keeps the pyloric valve intact. That is the main difference between the BPD and the DS.

Weight Loss Surgery - Duodenal Switch
Advantages & Disadvantages

Advantages

  • More "normal" absorption of many nutrients than with BPD, including calcium, iron and vitamin B12
  • Better eating quality when compared to other WLS procedures
  • Eliminates or greatly minimizes most negative side effects of the original BPD
  • Essentially eliminates stomal ulcer and dumping syndrome

Disadvantages

  • Greater chance of chronic diarrhea
  • Significant malabsorptive component
  • More foul smelling stools and flatus, but less than with the BPD alone

Gastrointestinal Surgery - "Dumping Syndrome"

RGB and BPD operations may also cause “dumping syndrome.” This means that stomach contents move too rapidly through the small intestine. Symptoms include nausea, weakness, sweating, faintness, and sometimes diarrhea after eating. Because the duodenal switch operation keeps the pyloric valve intact, it may reduce the likelihood of dumping syndrome.

The more extensive the bypass, the greater the risk for complications and nutritional deficiencies. Patients with extensive bypasses of the normal digestive process require close monitoring and life-long use of special foods, supplements, and medications.

------------------------------------------------------------------

Additional Weight Loss Surgery Resources:

American Society for Bariatric Surgery
140 NW 75th Drive, Suite C
Gainesville, FL 32607
Phone: (352) 331-4900
Fax: (352) 331-4975
Website: www.asbs.org

ObesityHelp.com
You can find hundreds of weight loss surgery patients at ObesityHelp.com. You can find your surgeon, research his credentials and read about what his patients have to say about him. See also: Bariatric Surgery For Severe Obesity.

 

Weight loss information - Rapid Weight Loss - Diet Program - How to Lose Weight - Best Weight Loss Goals
Weight Loss Advice - Healthy Balanced Diet - Body Fat Percentage - Diets & Weight Loss Programs
Information on Weight Loss Diets - How to Reduce Weight - Weight Management - Weight Loss Surgery Information
Surgery Benefits/Risks - Weight Loss Drugs Advice - Weight Loss Pills / Weight Loss Pills Information
Xenical Weight Loss Drugs - Meridia/Sibutramine Pills - Guide to Diet Pills - Calorie Needs - Weight Loss Supplements
How to Control Weight - Body Mass Index Calculator - Exercise & Fitness to Lose Weight - Weight Health Issues - Obesity
Treatment of Obesity - Advice About Weight Loss - Questions on Weight Loss & Diet - Weight Loss Advice for Women
Weight Loss Advice for Diabetics - Weight Loss Advice for Teenagers - Weight Loss Advice for Adolescents
Diet & Weight Information - Weight Loss Support - Obesity Drug Treatment - Obesity & Gallstones - How to Lower Cholesterol
Dietary Guidelines - Protein, Carbs & Diet - Carbohydrates & Weight Loss - Weight Gain at College
Weight Gain After Quit Smoking - Weight Control in Menopause - Weight Gain in Pregnancy - Weight Control in Pregnancy
Weight Loss Breast-Feeding - Healthy Weight Range - Healthy Weight Loss Diet - Waist Circumference - Weight Cycling
Weight Health Risks - Weight Risks Assessment - Weight Reduction Tips - Weight Loss Guidelines - Weight Loss Products
Weight Loss Tools - Weight Maintenance

Enquiries: Contact Us. See also Terms of Use
© 2003-2017 Weight Loss Information. All Rights Reserved.