Health Risks and Dangers
of Weight Loss Pills
Health Dangers of Weight Loss Medications to Treat Obesity
Health Risks of Weight Loss Pills
Health Risks of Weight Loss Drugs - Introduction
About Obesity Medications
All drugs involve health risks, including diet and weight loss drugs. The question is: do the benefits outweigh the risks?
How to Minimize Health Risks and Dangers of Weight Loss Pills
If you want to take weight loss pills but you want to reduce the health risks, follow these elementary precautions.
Health Risks of Fen-Phen Weight Loss Pills
On September 15, 1997 the prescription weight loss pills redux and fenfluramine were recalled by their manufacturers after the FDA recommended that anyone taking them stop and consult with their doctors. The FDA asked manufacturers to withdraw the drugs after reviewing the records of 291 patients and found 30 percent had abnormal heart-test results. Some 92 patients had problems with their aortic or mitral heartvalves, the data showed. Other serious side-effects of these weight loss drugs included: nervousness, dry mouth, rapid or irregular heartbeat, sleep disturbances, diarrhea, depression. Participants in studies of these drugs gradually regained the weight they'd lost when they stopped taking the medication.
Health Risks of Meridia Weight Loss Pills
Currently, there are a number of health risks associated with Sibutramine (brand name Meridia) a relatively new weight loss drug that acts on the brain to reduce appetite. It is banned in Italy and being reviewed by authorities in France and the UK where there have been more than 100 serious adverse reactions and two deaths. Due to it's potent side-effects, people who have a history of hypertension, heartbeat-irregularities, stroke, heart disease, congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled high blood pressure should not use Meridia. The drug maker, Knoll Pharmaceutical Co., is urging physicians to carefully monitor the blood pressure of all patients taking Meridia. In clinical tests, the average yearly weight loss for patients taking a standard 10 mg dose was only six and a half pounds more than the loss in those taking a placebo.
Side Effects of Orlistat (Xenical) Weight Loss Pills
Orlistat is a different type of weight loss drug. Called a lipase-inhibitor, it helps reduce the amount of fat absorbed during digestion. Orlistat's most commonly reported side effects are bloating, diarrhea, and oily stools. In one clinical trial involving Orlistat, patients who took the drug and followed a weight-loss diet for one year lost an average of 19.3 pounds, while those who followed the diet and took a placebo lost 12.8 pounds, on average. It is not effective for weight loss unless combined with a low-fat diet.
Health Risks of Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) in Weight Loss Pills
On November 6, 2000 the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) announced a ban on the sale of PPA in products that are sold without a doctor's prescription. PPA is a common ingredient in appetite suppressants such as Acutrim and Dexatrim as well as many popular cough/cold medications. PPA has been linked to an increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke, commonly referred to as "bleeding in the brain". The use of diet pills containing PPA did not make a big difference in the rate of weight loss for most people. Even the best studies showed only about a half-pound greater weight loss per week using PPA combined with diet and exercise..
Health Risks of Ephedra in Weight Loss Pills
A 2001 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine concluded the herb could cause high blood pressure, heart problems, stroke, seizures and death. And the FDA has reports of 100 deaths among ephedra users. Yet manufacturers adamantly claim the reports do not prove the product is risky and ephedra-containing products remain on the market. Because of the 1994 law, the burden of proof falls on the FDA to show a product is dangerous and regulatory action has proved difficult.Three years after unsuccessfully attempting to ban high doses and require warning labels, the controversial sales continue. In June of this year, the federal government initiated a new safety review and two months later, the Justice Department announced they were conducting a criminal investigation into whether a leading ephedra seller lied about the safety of this dietary supplement.
Health Risks of Herbal Weight Loss Pills
Due to lack of regulation, inaccurate labelling, active-ingredient combination and misuse, there are a growing number of adverse incidences and health-risks worries concerning herbal weight loss pills. In 2001, FDA issued a nationwide alert on the recall of thirteen herbal weight loss pills because of a dangerous ingredient and potential damage to the kidneys.
Health Risks of Appetite Suppressant Weight Loss pills
There are various risks associated with appetite suppressants, including: raised blood pressure, elevated heart rate, restlessness, nervousness, difficulty sleeping, and dry mouth. Besides the health risks, appetite suppressant weight loss pills are not a permanent solution to controlling your weight. Almost all consumers who take appetite suppressants eventually regain the pounds they shed, FDA spokesman Jason Brodsky says.
Reducing Health Risks in Weight Loss Pills - Dietary Supplement Verification Program
To encourage improvement in standards, the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) has introduced the Comprehensive Dietary Supplement Verification Program. The Program involves USP certification that supplement products (a) contain the ingredients stated on the label in the declared amount and strength; (b) are within limits for contaminants such as heavy metals, pesticides and microbes; (c) will be absorbed into the body according to USP criteria; and (d) have been manufactured using safe and controlled procedures.
Weight Loss Pills and Health Risks - Bottom Line
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