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Health Risks of Obesity
Obese Patients Have Higher Risk of Premature Death, Heart Disease, Diabetes, Cancer, Sleep Apnea
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Health Dangers & Complications of Clinical Obesity or Severe Overweight

Health Risks of Obesity

Short Articles About Obesity and Overweight
Levels - Causes - Obesity & Weight Loss - Obesity & Gallstones - Genes - Gender
Types of Obesity Treatment - Exercise Counseling - Diet Counseling - Risk Factor for Cancer
Risk Factor for Diabetes - Risk Factor for Heart Disease - Obesity: A Major Health Risk
Does Obesity Increase the Risk of Premature Death - Syndrome X & Obesity
Rise of Obesity and Diabetes - Does Overweight Shorten Life? - Obesity & Risk of Premature Death
Obesity, BMI and Premature Death - Fitness, Obesity and Lifespan - Weight Loss Health Benefits
Benefits of Weight Loss - Obesity and Surgical Operations
Obesity Health Dangers for Children - Obesity & Colon Cancer - Health vs. Weight Loss
Body Fat & Cancer - Obesity, Weight Loss & Immune Function - Weight Loss & Sleep Apnea
Glycemic Index & Obesity - Health, Weight & Obesity

Overweight and Obesity - Health Consequences

The primary concern of overweight and obesity is one of health and not appearance. Obesity is a serious disease with serious health risks.

Obesity Health Risks - Premature Death

An estimated 300,000 deaths per year may be attributable to obesity.

The risk of death rises with increasing weight.

Even moderate weight excess (10 to 20 pounds for a person of average height) increases the risk of death, particularly among adults aged 30 to 64 years.

Individuals who are obese (BMI > 30) have a 50 to 100% increased risk of premature death from all causes, compared to individuals with a healthy weight.

Obesity Health Risks - Heart Disease

  • The incidence of heart disease (heart attack, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina or chest pain, and abnormal heart rhythm) is increased in persons who are overweight or obese (BMI > 25).
  • High blood pressure is twice as common in adults who are obese than in those who are at a healthy weight.
  • Obesity is associated with elevated triglycerides (blood fat) and decreased HDL cholesterol ("good cholesterol").

Obesity Health Risks - Diabetes

  • A weight gain of 11 to 18 pounds increases a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes to twice that of individuals who have not gained weight.
  • Over 80% of people with diabetes are overweight or obese.

Obesity Health Risks - Cancer

  • Overweight and obesity are associated with an increased risk for some types of cancer including endometrial (cancer of the lining of the uterus), colon, gall bladder, prostate, kidney, and postmenopausal breast cancer.
  • Women gaining more than 20 pounds from age 18 to midlife double their risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, compared to women whose weight remains stable.

Obesity Health Risks - Breathing Problems

  • Sleep apnea (interrupted breathing while sleeping) is more common in obese persons.
  • Obesity is associated with a higher prevalence of asthma.

Obesity Health Risks - Arthritis

  • For every 2-pound increase in weight, the risk of arthritis increases by 9 to 13%.
  • Symptoms of arthritis can improve with weight loss.

Obesity Health Risks - Reproductive Complications & Complications of Pregnancy

Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of death in both the baby and the mother and increases the risk of maternal high blood pressure by 10 times.

In addition to many other complications, women who are obese during pregnancy are more likely to have gestational diabetes and problems with labor and delivery.

Infants born to women who are obese during pregnancy are more likely to be high birthweight and, therefore, may face a higher rate of Cesarean section delivery and low blood sugar (which can be associated with brain damage and seizures).

Obesity during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of birth defects, particularly neural tube defects, such as spina bifida.

Obesity in premenopausal women is associated with irregular menstrual cycles and infertility.

Obesity Health Risks - Additional Health Consequences

  • Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risks of gall bladder disease, incontinence, increased surgical risk, and depression.
  • Obesity can affect the quality of life through limited mobility and decreased physical endurance as well as through social, academic, and job discrimination.

Obesity Health Risks - Children & Adolescents

  • Risk factors for heart disease, such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure, occur with increased frequency in overweight children and adolescents compared to those with a healthy weight.
  • Type 2 diabetes, previously considered an adult disease, has increased dramatically in children and adolescents. Overweight and obesity are closely linked to type 2 diabetes.
  • Overweight adolescents have a 70% chance of becoming overweight or obese adults. This increases to 80% if one or more parent is overweight or obese.
  • The most immediate consequence of overweight, as perceived by children themselves, is social discrimination.

Source: US Surgeon General


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